Transport security with Postfix

I had a “Face: Meet Palm” moment today, and as usual when that happens, I learned something new:

What happened was that I noticed that mail from a Postfix server I use for sending mail from a couple of domains was marked with the red “no encryption” label rather than the expected grey “standard encryption” icon when I looked at the message details in Gmail. I was sure that I had set the server to use what they call “opportunistic TLS”; that is: Attempt to use TLS but fall back to no encryption if that’s unavailable.

Reading the Postfix documentation, however, I saw the problem: there are two sets of TLS rules in the configuration file: those starting with “smtpd_“, which deal with how the server responds to its clients, and those who start with “smtp_“, which deal with how Postfix acts when working in client mode towards other servers.

So now I have the following two lines in my /etc/postfix/